Speech System Approach

This approach focuses on stabilizing the chid’s respiratory and phonatory control and effort developed by Lindsay Pennington.

Who It's For:

Children with dysarthria.

How It's Practiced:

SLP trains the child to speak louder with smooth voice. The approach focuses on respiratory control, phonatory effort, phrase length or syllable per breath, and speech rate.

Children will coordinate exhalation and phonation starting with vowels then moving to spoken language tasks.

Download Speech System Handout Here


Three 30-45 minute speech sessions per week for six weeks.


Levy, E. S. (2021, January 12). Say it strong—and say it again . The ASHA LeaderLive. Retrieved January 28, 2023, from https://leader.pubs.asha.org/do/10.1044/leader.FTR2.26012021.54/full/

Pennington L, Miller N, Robson S, Steen N. Intensive speech and language therapy for older children with cerebral palsy: a systems approach. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2010 Apr;52(4):337-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03366.x. Epub 2009 Sep 16. PMID: 19758364.