Meta-Phonological Approach

Building a child's phonological awareness skills. This approach is often used in addition with another phonological approach.

Who It's For:

Children with literacy disorders.

How It's Practiced:

You will work on letter-sound knowledge and phonemic awareness and/or distinctive features of sounds. This is usually supplemental to another treatment approach. Specific approaches include Metaphon, Integrated Phonological Awareness Intervention, and LiPS. It is used to teach and build a child’s phonological awareness skills. There are 2 phases.

Phase 1:

Teaching phonological awareness skills. You will teach the child about the features (place, manner, voicing) of a target sound in child-friendly terms (long vs. short sounds). You will also contrast sounds to teach the child how that can change the meaning (tea vs. key).

Phase 2:

Carrying over knowledge to communicative contexts. You will focus on the use of minimal pairs. You will provide feedback on the use of target words. If the child uses the word correctly, acknowledge that they used the sound correctly (I heard you use your growling sound). If the child uses the incorrect sound, provide them with indirect feedback (That was buzzy sound, should it have been a quiet sound?).

Download Meta-Phonological Handout Here


Duration will vary.


Bowen, C. (2013). Metaphon. speech language therapy dot com. Retrieved January 27, 2023, from

E. C. Dean, J. Howell, D. Waters & J. Reid (1995) Metaphon: A metalinguistic approach to the treatment of phonological disorder in children, Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 9:1, 1-19, DOI: 10.3109/02699209508985318

Kim Grundy (1995) Metaphon: Unique and effective?, Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 9:1, 20-24, DOI: 10.3109/02699209508985319