When a fricative is replaced with a stop consonant.


“dun” for sun

“te” for she

Age of Elimination

/f/, /s/ by 3 years | /v/, /z/ by 3.5 years | /ʃ/, /tʃ/, /dʒ/ by 4.5 years | /θ/ /ð/ by 5 years

Potential Session Goals

Name will produce fricatives (/s/, /z/, /v/, /f/, and /ʃ/) in all positions of words without the phonological process of stopping with % accuracy independently/minimal/moderate/maximal cues over 2 consecutive data sessions.